Muscle Cramps are painful, involuntary contractions that occur in different parts of our body, most commonly in the legs. They are typically triggered by various factors including dehydration, overuse or excessive activity after prolonged sedentation.
To prevent muscle cramps from dehydration, it is essential to stay well hydrated and replenish with appropriate amount of fluids containing electrolytes including potassium and magnesium. It is also important to stretch your muscles regularly prior to exercise to prevent muscle cramps during exercise.
Chronic muscle cramps can be associated with an underlying neuromuscular condition such as spinal stenosis or vascular condition such as peripheral vascular disease. Sometimes a nutritional deficiency may contribute to muscle cramps. These conditions require comprehensive evaluation and diagnostic testing.
If a muscle cramp does occur, immediate treatment can include stretching the muscle, using a heat pack, or massaging the area. In persistent cases, consulting with your physician for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan is recommended.